In 2024, heat broke previous records, climate change is hurting farmers

In 2024, heat broke previous records, climate change is hurting farmers.The heat has touched 49 degrees Celsius in different parts of India

 The amount of rain has decreased at an unprecedented rate. The upward level of heat is parallel to the decrease in rainfall. People of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Assam, Telangana and many other states of India have been affected by the scorching heat.

The amount of rainfall is decreasing day by day. This unusual change in weather is sending a warning signal to various states of India.

This phenomenon poses serious challenges to public health. The disturbing picture of climate change has brought terrible days to the lives of assam, which is rich in biodiversity. As a result, the people of Assam are in the heat of June-July in May.

Climate change has emerged as a burning issue in the 21st century. Due to global warming, the earth’s climate has changed drastically and the burden of all its negative effects has to be borne first by the environment.

At present, climate change is taking place at a rapid pace all over the world due to the destruction of the natural environment by humans, the emission of harmful gases in the atmosphere, pollution in the soil and river water.

Mainly due to man-made pollution, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere is increasing rapidly.

Such an increase in temperature has started melting the ice caps of the North Pole and the sea level has increased alarmingly.

According to data from the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the amount of rainfall by year is as follows- -14 per cent in 2015, -3 per cent in 2016, -5 per cent in 2017, -9.80 per cent in 2018, 110 per cent in 2019, 109 per cent in 2020, 99 per cent in 2021, 106 per cent in 2021, 106 per cent in 2022

The rainfall for the 2023 season was lower than the long-term average (LPA) across the country as a whole (94% of LPA).

According to IMD data, the total rainfall in the country in August in 2023 was 160.4 mm, much below normal. Its normal figure is 241 mm.

According to statistics, the entire northeast region, including Assam, is witnessing a marked change in the climate for a few years now.

Rainfall and temperature records in the northeastern states show that the average rainfall in a year has come down to around 25 per cent.

In the Northeast, the surface temperature has risen at .11 degrees in a decade. Global warming has had more impact than environmental destruction in the Northeast.

 Around 15 districts of Assam experienced severe drought in 2005 and 2006. It is to be noted that in 2006, the rainfall had decreased by about 40%.

In the past, several states have received rains, but the heat level has not subsided. Several people in the country have died due to the heat wave.

Extreme warming, excessive reduction in rainfall, etc. have disrupted normal life. Assam has witnessed an unusual drop in rainfall this year.

Under the influence of monsoon, Assam receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season; But the rainfall in the state has dropped abnormally this time as well.

The heat has gripped the people of the state due to the rise in the normal temperature. On the other hand, the amount of rain is also decreasing phenomenally.

Due to which the water level in the river is decreasing. But if you are questioned as to what is the root cause of this, then it can be seen that-

In 2024, heat broke previous records, climate change is hurting farmers
In 2024 heat broke previous records climate change is hurting farmers

Climate Change

Climate change is one of the main drivers behind changes in rainfall patterns.

Due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels and destruction of forests, global warming disrupts the weather system.

Destruction of forests

Indiscriminate destruction of forests, digging of land for agricultural and urban works, cutting hills and destruction have reduced the amount of rainfall.

Vegetation, forests play an important role in the water cycle, rainfall occurs through evaporation and affects local weather patterns.

 But its erosion disrupts this cycle, reducing the amount of rainfall in that particular area.

Air pollution

India’s growing industrialization and vehicular smoke contribute to air pollution, which has a greater impact on rainfall patterns.

Pollution can affect the formation of clouds and the process of rainfall, thereby reducing rainfall in the polluted areas.

Effect on heat or heat due to a decrease in rainfall

India’s heat crisis has become even more acute due to a drop in rainfall rates. The decrease in soil moisture due to the decrease in rainfall and evaporation contribute to higher surface temperatures.

The combination of decreased rainfall and warming poses serious challenges to agriculture, water resources and human health.

It is noteworthy that so far Assam has received 35 per cent less rainfall. Climate change has also negatively impacted the world famous tea industry in Assam.

Farmers fear a 50 per cent fall in tea production. Short spells of rain from time to time and temperate climate are very useful for tea cultivation.

But climate change has led to drought-like conditions due to lack of prolonged rainfall, just as there is heavy rainfall in a short period of time.

Both extreme drought or extreme rainfall are dangerous for tea cultivation. Heavy rainfall weakens the trees by causing erosion in the upper part of the soil.

During the prolonged drought season, various insects attack tea plants and hence more pesticides have to be applied.

Similarly, the rise in temperature and the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are harming the tea plants. These are the reasons why the quality of tea goes down.

If the climate change in Assam continues, one day tea may disappear from the bosom of Assam! Assam is an agrarian state. Climate change is also having a huge impact on the agriculture sector.

Since the farmers of Assam are completely dependent on the rains, there is a hue and cry in the agriculture sector if the amount of rainfall decreases.

 Due to lack of rain water, farmers’ crops have dried up. Farmers in different parts of the country have started drying up paddy, jute cultivation as well as various rabi crops and vegetable crops due to lack of rain water.

These farmers, who have chosen farming as a source of livelihood, have put their hands on their foreheads.

No rain: Farmers in danger in Mankachar

The hot and drought situation has become complicated in Mankachar due to lack of rain for a long time.

The agricultural fields of farmers in the agrarian state of Mankasar are burning in the midst of the scorching sun.

Especially in Kanaimara gram panchayat, which borders Bangladesh, the farmers are struggling to put their hands on their foreheads as vegetable crops are on the verge of collapse.

Zahirul Haque, a farmer from Kanaimara, has started growing vegetables since last year. Last year, the farmers were benefitted by cultivating vegetables, but the farmer has suffered losses due to the burning of the fields in the heat this afternoon.

 Most of the vegetable crops in Kanaimara gram panchayat are thus eroding this time amid drought and heat.

If there is no rain in the future, the vegetable crop will be damaged and the farmers will face losses and there will be a shortage of vegetables in Mankachar.

 The farmers have demanded that the government give monetary as compensation to farmers who have been devastated during the drought.

Drought situation: Orang-Majbat tea industry in crisis

The tea industry in the state is in a state of crisis due to severe drought conditions The production of raw tea leaves has almost come to a standstill due to lack of rain.

The tea plants are drying up due to the severe sun. The tea industry in the state is facing huge losses.

The authorities have already reduced the number of temporary workers as the production of raw tea leaves in the tea gardens in the Orang-Majbat region has almost come to a standstill.

The authorities have already reduced the number of temporary workers as the production of raw tea leaves in the tea gardens in the Orang-Majbat region has almost come to a standstill.

There is an outcry among the labourers over this The tea plant in the garden has dried up due to lack of rain Somehow the permanent workers are working.

Drought situation: Orang-Majbat tea industry in crisis
Drought situation: Orang-Majbat tea industry in crisis

There has been an atmosphere of commotion among the tea workers as the production of raw tea leaves has almost stopped after the severe drought conditions.

Because tea gardens are their life and livelihood. The livelihood is dependent on raw tea leaves The water had to be given to the tea garden.

If this situation persists for the next one week it is certain that the tea gardens in Orang-Majbat area will be closed.

Authorities are in trouble over how to run the tea industry The tea workers are also worried in this drought situation.

Be careful for the next 9 days: Sun to spread heat through fire

It will be 9 more days hot. The body will feel like fire. Because on May 25, 2024, navatap started. According to astronomy, this period will run from 25Th May 2024 to June 2nd, 2024. These days the rainy sun will rain like fire.

The new wave started on May 25. During this time the sun will start spreading heat like fire on the earth. And it will have an impact all over the world. This time comes every year.

At this time the sun is in the Rohini star, and during that time it is the hottest. The sun has entered the Rohini star today. The sun will remain in rohini nakshatra for 15 days and will change the zodiac sign in the mrigashira star.

Rohini is the warmest of all years during this 15-day state of the sun in the star. If the sun remains in the Rohini star for 15 days, the temperature takes a deadly turn for the first nine days.

These 9 days have been termed as Navatap. During this time the intensity of the sun’s heat will increase much more!

 That is why doctors have also advised the common man to remain health conscious.

Meteorological Department issues HEATWAVE ALART in several states

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a summer forecast notification in northwest India, north Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat for the next four days.

According to the department, heavy heat wave is expected in Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh till May 24.

Meteorological Department issues HEATWAVE ALART in several states
Meteorological Department issues HEATWAVE ALART in several states

On the contrary, the department has issued an orange alert for the next five days in southern parts of the country under the influence of southwest monsoon.

 Tamil Nadu Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and South Karnataka are likely to receive heavy to very heavy rainfall.

15 people lost their lives in the country in the scorching heat

There is a situation in different parts of the country in the scorching heat. So far, 15 people have died in three states of the country in the scorching heat.

The mercury has crossed the mercury level of 50 in several states, including Rajasthan, for the past 10 days. A labourer has died due to the scorching heat at a railway station in West Bengal. 

More than 12 people have died due to the scorching heat at several places in Rajasthan, including Jalur and Jaipur, the national media reported.

Kerala has created an indescribable atmosphere due to incessant rainfall against the scorching heat. 

Seven people each have died in Kerala due to floods and lightning due to heavy rains. The death toll in the state is likely to rise further, the administration said.

How to fight the heat

Recently, the temperature in Guwahati as well as in the state has risen to 39 degrees Celsius. The people of the state are uncomfortable due to the heat.

 In the meantime, alerts have been sounded due to heatwaves in several states. Many people have been affected due to extreme heat and the problem of dehydration is increasing steadily.

There is also a growing skin problem. What you eat, what you wear and how you take care of the skin is very important in such a situation.

You should not just drink water to get rid of the problem of dehydration. It also needs to be taken care of whether there is a sufficient amount of minerals in that water.

You include watermelon, cucumber, orange, coconut water and green vegetables in your diet. Drink water frequently during the day.

Dehydration can cause your lips to crack. Apply hydrating material like shea butter or coconut oil to the lips.

Don’t forget to apply sunscreen to protect your skin from UV rays. The most important thing is to avoid both caffeine and alcohol.

Wearing should be given importance to avoid the heat. Wear clothes that the body can breathe, such as cotton, muslin, lenin, etc.

Don’t wear dark coloured clothes as they absorb heat. Along with this, wearing loose clothes brings air into the body. Wear any light coloured clothes along with white in the heat.

You can wrap a wet towel around your neck to get rid of the heat. As a result, you will feel cool for several hours. The bed can be used.

Wash the cheek thoroughly with soft and bactericidal soap on a hot day. Wipe well with the towel and dry the throat.

Adding 2 teaspoons of baking soda to the bath water can also protect you from sweating.

In addition to wearing loose clothes sprinkle powder on the pit. There are many medicated powders available these days to get rid of sweating. They are also very beneficial.

Summer Flow: School teaching starts from 7-30 am

Several districts of the state have recorded a rise in temperatures. In April-May, the mercury reached 35 to 39 degrees Celsius.

The Lakhimpur district administration has issued a new schedule for teaching in schools due to the heat wave along with other districts of the state. 

In a letter of instruction signed by district commissioner Gayatri Devi Das Hayaling, instructions have been issued to start classes from 7-30 a.m. in schools under the district.

According to the guidelines, the teaching work of primary schools is from 7-30 a.m. to 12-00 a.m.

Similarly, secondary schools from 7-30 a.m. to 12-30 p.m. Besides, high schools will also be taught from 7-30 a.m. to 1-00 p.m., the order said.

The teaching schedule of government and private schools under Cachar district has been changed due to the scorching heat.

 The district administration has issued orders to change the teaching timings of primary, middle, higher and higher secondary schools.

District Commissioner Rohan Kumar Jha, in a release, said in his order to conduct classes from May 27 to Classes 1 to 5 in primary schools from Monday, May 27, till 12.30 am.

The maximum temperature in Guwahati was 40 degrees Celsius, leaving life in a state of shock. The new schedule for school teaching in Kamrup (M) has been directed for the heat wave.

Instructions have been given to increase the teaching time of primary school from 7.30 am to 12 pm, secondary school teaching time from 7.30 to 12.30 pm and higher secondary teaching time from 7.30 to 1 pm.

The order has been issued in government, provincialised and private schools under the two districts in the interest of public health as per the orders of the District Collectors, Barpeta and Bajali districts. 

The rescheduled schedule for teaching in schools will come into effect from May 27 due to the increase in heat wave.

People of the state are getting burnt in the scorching heat. The amount of rainfall is decreasing day by day.

According to the 2023 aggregate data, the long-term average (LPA) across the country (94% of the LPA) was lower than the long-term average (LPA). 

According to imd data, the total rainfall in the country in August in 2023 was 160.4 mm, much below normal. Its normal figure is 241 mm.

Frog Marriage

Frog wedding is being held in Rangapara garden area due to heavy rains The tea garden workers of Rangapara Colony tea garden are planning to appease Varun Devta.
Frog Marriage
Frog Marriage
According to the legend and according to popular belief, it rains when Frog gets married. Based on that tradition, people are seen thronging the Frog weddings held in the colony tea garden through complete rules and regulations.

The king of watermelons in the bath

It’s very hot. The heat in Assam has also broken the last 64-year-old record. According to recent reports, the sun will spread heat on earth like fire in the next few days.

In such a situation, people have resorted to cold drinks to get relief from the heat. Wherever they see sugarcane juice, beads, etc., the people have quenched their thirst.

Knowing that fruits are rich in water, many people are now afraid to even go near the fruit. This is because of some alarming facts that have come to light recently.

According to the information that has come to light, the fruit market is used in large quantities of chemicals in other fruits including mangoes, apples, grapes, which are colored.

After this method adopted by unscrupulous traders to make them look smart overnight, the public is now thinking 10 times about eating fruits.

But in the midst of such a situation, the demand in the market has increased.

Generally, the advantages of using chemicals in watermelons are much less than other fruits. Watermelons cannot be kept fresh for long like other fruits because they are large in size.

Moreover, the price of watermelon is also much lower than other fruits. Although the price is low, watermelon has more utility than apples, bananas, mangoes.

Due to the low price, the common people can also buy this fruit. On the whole, watermelon is one of the most credible fruits of all sections of people on a hot day.

10 other notable benefits of watermelon for the human body

1.Watermelon is rich in beta-carotene and vitamin A. Beta carotene helps protect the retina of the eye as well as hinders the area of cataracts in the eyes. Vitamin A enhances the eye light.

2.Proper cardiovascular blood flow is very important. Watermelon helps in proper flow of blood to the heart thereby reducing the tendency of the heart to block it manifold.

3.Watermelon contains a lot of potassium which naturally produces electron power in the body. This power is very effective in protecting the muscles and nerves of the body.

4.Watermelon contains plenty of vitamin C which acts as an antidote to treat pain in different parts of the body as well as protecting teeth and muscles.

5.Watermelon contains a red ingredient called lycopino which contains a lot of calcium which helps immensely in strengthening the bone structure.

6.The presence of abundant water content in watermelon reduces the burning of the urine. The antibodies present in watermelon help protect the kidneys and liver.

7.Research has shown that watermelon helps in reducing the fat stored in the human body. The amino acid called Citrulline present in watermelon is extremely beneficial for the kidneys.

While watermelon contains plenty of water, there are very few calories. That’s why even if you eat watermelon with your stomach full, the weight does not increase accordingly.

8.Watermelon contains plenty of water. During the summer, when a lot of sweat is released from the body through sweat, eating watermelon removes the dehydration of the body.

9.Those who have been feeling difficult during breathing for a long time develop a habit of eating watermelons every day. Watermelon makes up for vitamin C deficiency in the body and helps prevent asthma.

10 The antioxidants present in watermelon help in eliminating the cells responsible for causing cancer. Studies have shown that watermelon contains ingredients called lycopene which reduces the chances of cancer in the prostate gland.

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