Know about NOTA before 2024 election votes

Know about NOTA before 2024 election votes. It is sometimes very confusing when going to vote in an election. There is no desire to vote for a candidate who has to vote on his own judgment. However, one has to vote for someone from amongst the candidates.

Is this an extreme irony in a democracy? Political parties contesting elections prepare the list of candidates as per their wishes. Now candidates steeped in crime and corruption get candidacy easily.

Usage of NOTA in India

Political parties may not be forced to vote for the candidate who has been pushed in front of the people. An important case was filed by the Supreme Court in 2009 regarding that right of voters.
The Supreme Court had delivered its verdict on September 27, 2013 in this case of People’s Union for Civil Liberties v. Government of India.
It directed the Election Commission of India to implement a system in which voters can exercise that right in ballots or EVMs in respect of apchanda candidates.
Following the order, in 2013, the Election Commission of India (ECI) had put in place an alternative system called NOTA in EVMs in the assembly elections held in five states.
In 2015 a Symbol of NOTA was adopted by the Election Commission. This coded button on the black cross sign became a part of the election soon after.
Later, many voters of the country protested against the projected candidates of political parties by voting in NOTA.

What is a NOTA ?

NOTA full form is “None of the above” . We known as a “scratch” vote .
If the candidate of our choice is not in the list of candidates or if there is an ideological disharmony, voters can use NOTA.
Or by pressing the NOTA button, a voter could exercise his right to vote that none of the candidates contesting an election were liked.
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, 60 lakh voters across the country voted that they did not have a candidate of their choice by pressing the NOTA button. The percentage of voters falling in NOTA that time was 1.1 percent.
NOTA
NOTA

What percentage of votes fell into NOTA after the use of NOTA?

In the 2017 Gujarat elections, voters had the third highest voter turnout in NOTA after the BJP and the Congress.
The total number of votes polled by BSP and CPI(M) in the 2018 Karnataka assembly elections was 0.1 percent. At NOTA that time these parties voted more than they got in the state.
In the 2018 Madhya Pradesh assembly elections, the difference between the Congress and the BJP was less than the votes polled in the NOTA.
Narayan Singh Kaushwa also lost the Lok Sabha elections in South Gowalior constituency by 121 votes. That time 1550 voters cast their votes in the NOTA in this constituency.
In the 2014 assembly elections, a large number of voters voted against A Raja by casting their votes in THE NOTA as the name of the 2G Spectam scam cropped up.
1.06 per cent of the total voter turnout in the 2019 Lok Sabha voted in NOTA. So far the highest number of people voted in NOTA in chhattisgarh assembly elections at 1.98 per cent.
In terms of constituency, 27,500 voters cast their votes in THE NOTA in the Latur rural assembly constituency of Maharashtra. Voters alleged that candidates have been accused in various criminal cases by fielding candidates by various political parties.
The percentage of people who voted in NOTA that time in that constituency was more than 13 per cent. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, a total of 51,660 people had set a record by voting in NOTA in Gopalganj constituency of Bihar.
In Assam too, the number of people voting in NOTA is gradually increasing. The total number of voters who voted in the 2016 Assam Assembly elections was 1,69,19,364.
Of those voters, 1,89,085 voted in the NOTA. That voting percentage was 1.12 percent. The number of voters in the assembly elections held in Assam in 2021 was around 1.92 crore. Of these, the number of voters who voted in NOTA was 2.19 lakh. That is, 1.14 percent of the people vote in NOTA in this election.
The total number of votes polled by 15 political parties across the country in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections was less than that of NOTA.
Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok Janshakti Dal got 0.52 per cent, CPI(M) 0.01 per cent, Jammu and Kashmir’s National Conference 0.05 per cent, Indian Unit Muslim League 0.26 per cent. The VOTES in NOTA in this election were 1.06 per cent.

Some rules of NOTA

If the NOTA gets more votes than the votes polled by the candidate in a constituency, then there is a provision to hold fresh elections in this constituency on the basis of the report of the State Election Commission.
Instances of such incidents taking place in local elections in Maharashtra are not uncommon. But remarkably, in the case of NOTA, the election commission’s publicity and public opinion which should have been formed is still not seen to be done today.
NOTA
NOTA
As a result many voters are still not aware and aware of NOTA. Through NOTA the Election Commission was supposed to get a golden opportunity to conduct swacch and fair elections.
There is also a discussion that if a political party projects a candidate of the voter’s choice then if that candidate gets less votes than NOTA then such a candidate should be deprived of contesting in the newly held elections.
Election expenses have to be charged from those political parties for the newly held elections. NOTA will be a special medium to decriminalise the electoral system in recent times if necessary steps are taken in such aspects.
Political parties will also have an obligation to project candidates if the ordinary voter is aware of his rights given by the NOTA.

NEWS UPDATE : Important Orders of Supreme Court regarding NOTA

NOTA- A specific button with the name of the candidates contesting in a constituency in the EVM. A section of people chose this NOTA as an option to exercise their franchise.

Many again question voting in NOTA. There has been a lot of controversy in the past around NOTA. But even after that a definite position on NOTA is yet to be revealed.

The Supreme Court has issued a special notice to the Election Commission regarding this NOTA in the midst of the second phase of the 18th Lok Sabha elections in the country.

The notification issued by a three-judge bench headed by the chief justice of the court while hearing a PIL filed in the Supreme Court has given important directions.

The court mentioned in the notice to the Election Commission to frame a rule relating to NOTA. The notification said rules should be framed as to what steps to be taken if the NOTA gets a majority.

The petition filed in the Supreme Court said that if the NOTA gets a majority in any constituency, then the election in that constituency should be canceled and fresh elections should be held again.

It may be recalled that the PIL related to NOTA was filed by a person named Shiv Kheda and advocate Gopal Sankaranarayanan argued in the Supreme Court on his behalf.

A three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud was hearing the case. The petition also talks about how the BJP candidate has been elected unopposed in surat Lok Sabha constituency in the ongoing Lok Sabha elections.

Hearing the case, Chief Justice DY Chandrachud said the court will issue a notice in this regard. Because this issue is related to the electoral process.

Meanwhile, the petition also demanded that if a candidate gets less than NOTA votes, he or she should be barred from contesting elections for the next five years.

The petition claimed that the most significant changes in the form of NOTA have been observed in Maharashtra, Haryana, Delhi, Puducherry.

The State Election Commissions of these states have announced that if NOA wins any election i.e. the maximum number of votes falls in NOTA, then fresh elections will be held there.

NOTA is assumed to be a hypothetical candidate in these states. In a notification, the Election Commission of states said that if THE NOTA gets the maximum number of votes, it is in violation of the intention of the NOTA to declare the second-placed candidate the winner.

The PIL filed in the Supreme Court said the Supreme Court had hoped that the addition of NOTA would increase voter participation in the elections.

But that doesn’t seem to be the case. In order to achieve this objective, the efforts taken by the State Election Commission like Maharashtra, Haryana, Delhi, Puducherry have to be implemented by the Election Commission of the country.

Supreme Court verdict on EVM-VVPAT

Amidst the second phase of lok sabha elections, the Supreme Court on Friday gave an important verdict on a plea that matches the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) slip with votes cast through EVM. Electronic Voting Machine.

The Election Commission of India has received a major relief from the Supreme Court at the end of the hearing of the VVPAT case which lasted for several days.

Amid the ongoing second phase of Lok Sabha elections, the Supreme Court dismissed all petitions seeking 100 per cent matching of votes cast through EVMs with VVPAT slips.

Not only this, the demand for re-polling through ballot papers was also rejected. Justice Sanjiv Khanna said that we have dismissed all petitions related to VVPAT.

Justice Sanjiv Khanna on the order asked the Election Commission to keep the symbol loading unit safe for 45 days. The court further said that the readymade system cannot be blindly questioned.

If a candidate demands a trial, then his expenses should be recovered from him, if there is any tampering in the EVM, then the expenses will have to be refunded to him.

In fact, several organisations had filed petitions in the Supreme Court demanding 100 per cent merger of EVM and VVPAT slips. During the previous hearing, a bench headed by Justice Sanjiv Khanna had reserved its decision in the Supreme Court.

Justice Dipankar Datta was also included in the bench. Earlier on Wednesday, the court had called up an official of the Election Commission of India and clarified some technical aspects related to the functioning of EVMs.

Last week, the bench had reserved its decision on a number of PIL cases (PILs) in the matter. He said government laws are generally considered valid under the Indian Evidence Act and not all the work done by the Election Commission cannot be doubted.

Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, the second highest MP in the central government, criticised the petitioners for repeatedly submitting the PIL on the eve of the elections, saying the democratic choice of voters has been turned into a joke.

He said the Supreme Court has already dismissed a similar plea seeking relief in the matter.

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