After the abrogation of Article 370, Jammu & Kashmir has got full-fledged statehood

After the abrogation of Article 370, Jammu & Kashmir has got full-fledged statehood. Article (A) of article 370 of the Constitution was abolished from Jammu and Kashmir after it was passed by Parliament on August 5, 2019. Then there was a reaction across the country.

Jammu & Kashmir as a land paradise is one of the centres of tourism in the country and abroad. But Jammu and Kashmir got special attention due to terrorist activities coming from Pakistan. But the issue of abrogation of Article 370 was being discussed around the world.Jammu & Kashmir

Article 370 was drafted by Sheikh Abdullah in 1947. At that time, he was the Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir. He was appointed by Maharaja Hari Singh and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Abdullah, however, was not ready to grant special status temporarily. He was in favour of granting special status permanently. However, the Centre did not agree.

What is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution?

As per Article 370 of the Constitution, the Centre had no right to interfere in any matter other than defence, external affairs, finance and communication.

There was no right to make any law. In order to make a law, the consent of the state of Jammu and Kashmir has to be obtained. Section 35(A) was under this section.

According to this section, the permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir also got special status. For example, a resident of any state other than a permanent resident cannot buy immovable property there.

To buy the property, one had to stay in Jammu and Kashmir for at least 10 years. There were other rules not only in terms of property but also for employment.

No one from states other than permanent residents can apply for a job in Jammu and Kashmir. They also did not have the right to vote. The state legislature decides who will be a permanent resident.

If a woman from that state marries someone outside the state, she will be deprived of her property rights. One of the provisions gave special status to Jammu & Kashmir.

Special autonomy was granted

Jammu and Kashmir was given special status under Part 11 of the Constitution. Temporary, variable, and special provisions are discussed in 11 of the Constitution.

All other provisions of the Constitution shall be applicable to other states of the country but will not be applicable to Jammu and Kashmir. For example, until 1965, Sadr-i-Riyasat remained governor and was the prime minister instead of the chief minister.

Article 370 is a article of the Indian Constitution. Special status was given to Jammu and Kashmir through this article of the Constitution. It restricted articles to the state except Article 1 of the Indian Constitution.

This region had its own constitution. The state, however, had the power to exercise any part of the Indian Constitution if the President was required. But for that too, he needs the consent of the state government.

It was because of this article that the Indian Parliament got the power to legislate in the state only in the fields of external affairs, defence and communications. There was a provision for the President to amend this provision only with the consent of the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was constituted in 1951. The number of members of this meeting is 75. This meeting drafted the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir. The draft was prepared just like the Constituent Assembly of India.

Pakistan’s position after withdrawal of 370 from Jammu & Kashmir

After the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution by the Government of India from Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan severed diplomatic and trade relations towards India in a treacherous manner.

Pakistan has also banned the use of Pakistani airspace for flying Indian aircraft.

On the other hand, Pakistan violated the ceasefire 222 times in Jammu and Kashmir after the abrogation of Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan’s army had created an atmosphere of panic along the indo-Pak border by resorting to unprovoked firing.

According to the Indian government, Pakistan has violated the ceasefire 1900 times in 2021-22. Of these, 222 ceasefire violations have been committed within 25 days of the abrogation of Article 370.

On an average, 10 times since August 5, the Pakistan Army violated the ceasefire and opened fire at the Indian Army.

Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had noted in Parliament on November 27, 2019 that terrorist attacks have come down considerably after the abrogation of Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir.

Russia’s reaction after the abrogation of 370 from Jammu & Kashmir

On the centre revoking Article 370 of the Constitution from Jammu and Kashmir, the Russian ambassador said it was an internal matter of India. India-Pakistan should resolve everything through dialogue.
Jammu & Kashmir has got full-fledged statehood
Jammu & Kashmir has got full-fledged statehood

Russian Ambassador Nikolay Rishatovich Kudashev said of Article 370 – “It is the decision of the Government of India. It is an internal matter of the country. All issues between India and Pakistan should be resolved through dialogue on the basis of understanding and declaration.

UN to discuss abrogation of Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir

China objected to the Government of India revoking the special powers conferred under Article 370 of the Constitution of India on August 5, 2019. There were reports that china’s demand was made by the UNITED NATIONS in the closed-door meeting of the Security Council and taking some decisions.

Pakistan had demanded the intervention of the United Nations in protest against such actions of India and closed the office of the Indian High Commissioner in the country in protest.

India’s decision to revoke Article 370 of Power from Jammu and Kashmir and make Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories is an internal matter of India and the United Nations said it did not have to discuss the matter.

On the other hand, China, a permanent member of the Security Council, has been of the view from the very beginning that the issue should be discussed in the Security Council meeting with the support of pakistan’s claim, while France took a contrary stand by China.

Role of India’s political parties

The central government’s decision to remove Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir and bifurcate the state has been doing the rounds. Former Jammu and Kashmir chief ministers Mehbooba Mufti, Omar Abdullah and the Congress have opposed the central government’s decision.

 An appeal has also been filed in the Supreme Court against this decision of the Central Government. However, the court refused to urgently hear a petition filed by opposition parties on the Issue of Jammu and Kashmir.

Meanwhile, another petition filed in the Supreme Court on the situation in Jammu and Kashmir termed the decision taken by the Central Government as unconstitutional.

 Supreme Court Verdict

On December 11, 2023, the Supreme Court ruled on the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution from Jammu and Kashmir. The court passed the verdict on the basis of 23 petitions. The matter was heard by the Supreme Court for 16 days.

The supreme court had legalised the decision to revoke Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir.

A five-judge bench hearing the case included Chief Justice DY Chandrachud, Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul, Sanjiv Khanna, Justices B R Gavai and Surya Kant.

Jammu & Kashmir to get back statehood

On Monday, December 11, 2023, the Supreme Court had legalised the abrogation of Jammu and Kashmir’s 370, saying steps should be taken to hold elections in Jammu and Kashmir by September 2024. Jammu and Kashmir should be given back statehood as soon as possible.

Supreme Court Chief Justice DY Chandrachud said Article 370 was provided at that time with regard to the situation arising after the war.

 It was a temporary arrangement. If it can be changed. The central government has decided to scrap it through due process.

The issue of Article 370 has again cropped up in the run up to the Lok Sabha elections

Addressing an election rally at Udhampur in Jammu and Kashmir on Friday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi mentioned that jammu and Kashmir will be given full-fledged statehood back.

Criticising the Congress, PM Modi said, “Congress Means Of the Family, by the family, for the family. Article 370 was used in such a way for the sake of power, the people of Jammu and Kashmir could not go out and could not easily enter Kashmir from outside the state.

I guarantee that it will be my job to fulfill your dreams. Every moment is dedicated to your name to fulfill your dreams. You are development in the mind of the country.

So keeping in view the vikshit bharat 2047 one has to move towards 24*7 for 2047. Strict action has been taken against terrorism and corruption in 10 years. Will be taken for higher levels of growth in the next 5 years. Jammu and Kashmir has changed its mind in 10 years. There is a ray of hope from despair.

Brothers and sisters of my respect you saw a very bad day before. There is no such environment right now. The trailer of what has happened so far is yet to be filmed. So assembly elections will be held in Jammu and Kashmir soon. Jammu and Kashmir will again get full-fledged statehood.

It may be recalled that on Monday, December 11, 2023, the Supreme Court had legalised the abrogation of Jammu and Kashmir and said steps should be taken to hold elections in Jammu and Kashmir by September 2024. But keeping the general public in the dark, Pm Modi talked about the full-fledged state in the election campaign.

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